Stories from the field: SPLC legislation helps Louisiana youth receive second chance at school

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By Eden Heilman

Jessica* was a 10th-grader in a small school district outside of New Orleans when she withdrew from school because she was pregnant.

After having her baby, she wanted to finish high school and get a diploma. But school officials said she was no longer eligible for public school because she was 17, had voluntarily withdrawn and was a parent.

John* faced a similar situation. He had been held back a grade twice – once because of the disruption caused by Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and a second time because of his performance on statewide assessment tests.

Although he was on track to graduate from high school when his family moved back to the New Orleans area in the summer of 2012, school administrators said he wouldn’t be permitted to return to school in Louisiana because he was already 18.

Those of us in the SPLC’s New Orleans office wanted to help Jessica and John. But we quickly learned that Louisiana was one of a handful of states that didn’t  articulate a maximum age for students attending public school.

In fact, kids in Louisiana had no right to stay in school once they turned 18 and were no longer subject to the state’s compulsory attendance law. With 36,000 students being retained a grade each year in the state – frequently due to high-stakes testing – we realized the scope and magnitude of this problem.

We decided to propose legislation that would permit students to stay in school or return to school so they could graduate. The legislation would also specifically address the right to return to school for teens who were pregnant, who were parents or who had voluntarily withdrawn.

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*Client names have been changed to protect their identities.